Pimp Your Vectorscope Ride

It’s time for a new Vectorscope graticule. The graticule, (sometimes called a reticle), is the overlay that presents targets, reference lines, crosshairs, and other guides to help when interpreting the trace or graph of a Vectorscope’s analysis. Older hardware-based Vectorscopes had the graticule silkscreened on a plastic overlay, so it was fixed and unchanging.

Graticule from a Hitachi Vectorscope

Graticule from a Hitachi Vectorscope

I’ve used several different hardware and software-based Vectorscopes over the years. Speaking as a colorist and not a broadcast engineer, they’re useful for comparing saturation levels between clips, for comparing the angle of hue of specific features appearing in multiple clips, for QC checking to make sure the signal is within tolerance, checking for overall errors in hue, and creatively they’re useful for evaluating how much color contrast you’ve got in your image, and in what direction the average color balance or dominant color temperature of the scene is leaning. Once you learn to read the graph of a Vectorscope, there’s a lot you can see.

Despite all this utility, the average HD vectorscope graticule in this day and age of graphically drawn software scopes shows nothing but boxes to indicate each of the target hues found in the 75% color bars test pattern, sometimes a second set of 100% bars boxes, usually a small (tiny) crosshairs to indicate the very center of 0% saturation, and maybe an In-phase indication line (or skin tone indicator line, depending on who named it). Other then that, you’re looking at a big black area with a blob of a graph at the center that shows you all the data.

The Final Cut Pro X Vectorscope

The Final Cut Pro X Vectorscope

In the screenshot above, I chose the Final Cut Pro X Vectorscope as an example not to pick on it, but because it’s actually a nice implementation (especially now that they put the center crosshairs back in, which had disappeared during a previous update). However, it’s also an example of a brand new piece of 2013 software that’s implementing a vectorscope graticule that wouldn’t look out of place in the eighties.

More to the point, the following picture shows the graticule presented by my rather expensive Harris VTM 4100 vectorscope (when analyzing an HD signal). It’s got boxes to show the angle of each hue, it’s got crosshairs, but that’s pretty much it as far as any kind of scale goes.

The graticule presented by a Harris VTM-4100 vectorscope

The graticule presented by a Harris VTM-4100 vectorscope

I understand the idea of simplifying the visuals of the scope. Folks with software Vectorscopes are likely using them for creative and comparative analysis, rather then as tools for signal alignment. Furthermore, a lot of the lines and indications from the analog days just aren’t meaningful anymore when examining a digital signal.  I’m sympathetic to the goal of freeing the colorist’s eye from the unnecessary clutter of legacy scopes.

However, what I find I’m missing within the sparse landscape of the modern vectorscope is some kind of a scale of hue to aid me in the process of signal comparison. While the little standard box targets do a fine job of suggesting the direction of each of the primary and secondary hues, I’ve long wished there was a more concrete guide showing the actual vectors of hue for reference at a variety of intensities of saturation. Given the little boxes distance from the traces of most shots of average saturation, one needs to essentially “eyeball” a given trace’s relative position to the angles of absolute red, or blue, or yellow.

So I designed my own graticule.

Hue Vectors Graticule

My design goal was to find a clean, uncluttered way of providing hue angle guidance at a variety of levels of saturation, while retaining the useful guideposts we’ve come to rely on from previous designs. The image up top presents all of the options in my current design, but a recommendation of this design is that there be the option to turn off the dotted skin tone indicator and the user-adjustable reference line. The simplified result appears below. Overall, I’m trying to present a more visible scale of the crucial angles of hue, while still keeping the graticule simple and immediately comprehensible.

Hue Vectors Graticule Simplified

Here is an explanation of the features of this design.

Hue Vectors Explanation

  1. 75% intensity tic marks, that correspond to the same angles and center-points of the hue boxes in traditional Vectorscopes. The intersection of the inner tic marks and hue vector lines show the dead center of each hue at 75% intensity. The outer tic marks indicate the boundary of 100% intensity.
  2. Long lines that indicate the vectors of each of the primary and secondary hues, stretching from 100% intensity to 22.5%. These lines thin and fall off towards the inner 22.5% boundary, leaving the center of the vectorscope clear to provide an uncluttered view of the subtle traces that describe the most common levels of saturation in most average images, while the pointed tips still provide a useful reference of each hue when evaluating these smaller traces. The objective of these long hue lines is to provide angular reference indicators that are more easily seen and remembered when comparing the traces of differently shaped graphs for multiple images. Furthermore, these long lines all point towards the critical center of the display, providing clear visual guidance without the need for full vertical and horizontal crosshairs.
  3. A center crosshairs that indicates the crucial 0% saturated center of the graph, oriented along the Red/Cyan and Yellow/Blue axes. This orientation provides a clear warm/cool visual reference that will be useful for beginners, and for tired professionals and their clients at 4am. The crosshairs should be big enough to be seen clearly, but small enough not to impede the detail found in smaller traces.
  4. An optional dotted line indicating the traditional In-phase/Skin Tone vector. Dotted to reinforce the idea that this indicator is a reference, and not a rule.
  5. A user adjustable vector reference that can be positioned at any angle and percentage. If you’re needing to match a product color precisely from shot to shot to shot, a user-adjustable indicator that can be put right where you need the trace to be is exceptionally handy.
  6. My original design presented simple letters to indicate the hue of each vector, but Mike Woodworth suggested color-coding the outer 100% tic marks as well to provide a more immediately identifiable UI. The colors shown in the above PNG are exaggerated for clarity; with darker colors, I don’t find the colored tics distracting, but this can always be adjusted along with the brightness of the rest of the graticule. How customizable to make these sorts of display issues (turn off colors separately from letters?) is an implementation choice.

When I first worked this design up, I was of course concerned that it would never see the light of day. I know how busy developers are, and I was afraid that this would end up being a very low priority.

However, when I mentioned what I was doing to Mike Woodworth, developer of Scopebox, he was genuinely interested. After some conversation, I decided to offer Mike the design free for inclusion into Scopebox first, with the understanding that upon its release, I would immediately publish the design here on my blog under a creative commons license, so that any developer or company who wants to incorporate this graticule into their product (even commercial products) is free to do so. I want to remove any barrier to adding this to a Vectorscope implementation, but I also want to make sure that anyone can include it. Really, I just want to be able to actually use it in real products.

Concurrent with this article’s publication, Mike is releasing Scopebox 3.2, which offers this graticule as an option with all the features described here (choose Hue Vectors from the Grat Style pop-up menu) alongside the previously available graticule. I’ve been running a variety of clips through it, and have used it very lightly for a scene or two of grading, and can honestly say that I find it useful.

Hue Vector option in ScopeBox

The Hue Vector option as seen in ScopeBox 3.2

I’ll share one observation about the Scopebox implementation. I find I like to open the ScopeBox preferences and darken the default color of the “Graticles Color” to obtain a nice, subtle graticule that is lightly visible without calling too much attention to itself (as you can see in the image above). With a darker graticule color, I find the Grat Intensity slider moves along a more reasonable scale of light to dark for my taste. The magic of user preferences is that you can set this up as you like.

ScopeBox Preferences

If you’re a ScopeBox user, give this option a whirl and by all means let me know what you think. I invite comment.

And if you’re a software developer or manufacturer of video scope software or hardware and this looks interesting to you, please download the PNG files in this article as a starting point, or give me a call. I mean what I say, this is a creative commons licensed design, and I’ll be happy for you to incorporate it into your product. I want to see it used, and I want it to be available to anyone who wants to implement it, free of the briar patch of patent restriction. This is my first foray into trying to make a design available in this way, so here are the provisos, courtesy of creativecommons.org:

Attribution — You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). A simple mention in the attribution front-matter of your documentation is fine; “Hue Vectors graticule designed by Alexis Van Hurkman.”

Share Alike — If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one. I would like improvements to this design to ripple out to the wider community. This applies only to the Graticule design, not to your entire product. Just as existing graticule designs aren’t copyrighted, I don’t want useful alterations to become themselves restricted.

Waiver — Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from me. Click the contact page and drop me some mail, or give me a call if you’ve already got my number. I’m always happy to chat.

And finally, here’s a link to all the creative commons legalese.

Creative Commons License
Hue vectors graticule by Alexis Van Hurkman is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://vanhurkman.com/wordpress/?p=2563.


Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

Flagging Autolinked Clips in Resolve

Flagged Clip

I know; it’s not the most clever title. However, once I fully understood the implications of how flags and marks work in Resolve 9, I discovered a practical use for flags that hadn’t previously occurred to me.

To clarify, I wrote in the Resolve manual that flags are intended to highlight a whole clip, while markers let you highlight individual frames within a clip. This is true; you can only apply one flag of a particular color to a clip, but you can apply several markers of a color to different frames within that clip.

What I hadn’t thought to emphasize, however, is that when you flag a clip, you’re really flagging the source clip within the media pool (in other words, the clip that appears in the Master Timeline). This means that, if there are several clips in an edited timeline that all connect to a single source clip in the media pool, flagging one of these clips results in you flagging them all.

At first, I thought this was a nuisance, until I realized the following:

(a) While flags exhibit this behavior, markers are specific to a particular timecode, which makes them specific to a particular clip. So, if you want to mark just one clip for future reference, you’re better off using a marker.

(b) Flags follow the same rules as auto-linked clips in timelines using Remote grades.

This latter behavior is what leads to a valuable tip—you can use flags to quickly isolate every other clip in the timeline that’s auto-linked to the current clip. This gives you a way to deal with situations where you’re not sure how many other clips will be affected by a grade you’re about to make when you’re working with automatically linked clips and Remote versions.

The following example shows a timeline using Remote grades, where the currently selected clip is auto-linked to other clips in the timeline. This means that any changes you make to the grade of the current clip will automatically ripple to all other clips that exhibit the little orange arrow (to the right of the timecode above each thumbnail).

A timeline with auto-linked clips

A timeline with auto-linked clips

A frequent criticism of this behavior is that it’s impossible to know, at a glance, just how many other clips to the right and left of the visible area of the timeline are automatically linked. In particular, it’s not uncommon for there to be a handful of auto-linked clips that require a different grade; for example, a section of interview after an exposure adjustment has been made.

Using flags, there’s a simple way of filtering just the auto-linked clips. First, right-click the thumbnail of one of the auto-linked clips, and add a flag using the Flags submenu. In this case, I’m adding a blue flag.

Adding a flag using the contextual menu

Adding a flag using the contextual menu

Now, each auto-linked clip will have a blue flag attached to it. Even auto-linked clips outside of the currently visible area of the timeline.


Flagged thumbnails in the timeline

Now, using the Timeline Filtering pop-up menu, you can filter out everything but the blue-flagged clips.

Filtering only the blue flagged clips on the timeline

Filtering only the blue flagged clips on the timeline

This results in a shortened timeline that shows every single clip that is auto-linked to the current one.

Only the auto-linked clips are filtered, using flags

At this point, you can spot check the other clips to make sure they match, and you’ll know for certain just how many other clips, to the front and to the rear of the current one, will be affected by the operation you’re about to perform.

When you’re finished, choose Show All Clips from the Timeline Filtering pop-up menu.

Showing all clips again

Showing all clips again

If you want to get rid of the flags, you can choose Clear All from the flags submenu of the thumbnail contextual menu.

Clearing all flags

Clearing all flags

Keep in mind that this behavior works when your timeline is using Local grades. In the following example, the timeline is set to local grades, which can be seen by the (L) underneath each thumbnail. However, the procedure is the same.

Filtering clips using Local grades

Filtering clips using Local grades

This means that, even if you’re grading each clip individually, you can still take advantage of Resolve’s built-in auto-linking to sort groups of related clips in the timeline.

So there you go, one more use for flagging and timeline filtering, to help you keep organized when grading long timelines. I’ve been working as 2nd colorist on a History Channel program, and using Remote grades has been a real time-saver since there are so many repeated sequences of clips. This technique has been helpful in letting me keep keep track of auto-linking in situations where I want to check to see how many clips will be affected by a particular adjustment.

Special thanks to producer Neil Gobioff and Director Shawn Paonessa for thumbnails from their short, “The Bedford Devil.”

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

Resolve to Be Creative

It's a party in your mouth

It’s a party in your mouth

If you read this blog and follow me on Twitter, chances are you’re a creative person. Chances are, even if you do client work most of the year, the “real” reason you’re in your particular line of postproduction or production work is that you want to do creative projects of your own, whether it’s writing, acting, filmmaking, animating, game design, whatever.

It’s so easy to lose oneself in the day-to-day need to do the work to pay the bills that let you live to do the work yet another day. Boy, do I know it.

However, there is one thing that I’ve learned, and this year has been a rather unexpected case in point given the strange and wonderful mix of things I’ve been doing. Short of saying something like “make time to be creative” (easy to say, difficult to do), I think the best advice I could give would be something even simpler.

Do creative things.

That’s all. Just commit to doing creative things in whatever spare time you have to eke out. Read a book that makes you think. Play a game that resembles something you’ve been interested in doing. Watch more movies that challenge you, and discuss them with your friends. And then, do something with what you’ve learned. Write a one page synopsis of a new story that was inspired by something. Get out your digital camera or cell phone and make a one-minute movie of whatever. Edit something new. Composite something clever, even if it’s just one shot.

Make something small.

Because what I’ve learned is that creativity snowballs. And the more little creative things you do, the easier it will be to start undertaking bigger things. And the more of anything you do, the easier and quicker new ideas will come, if you’re paying attention.

However, very little creative motivation comes of not doing anything but what you’re told.

So that’s my New Year’s wish for all of you. If you have creative aspirations, I wish you the energy to start doing small, interesting projects that are easily accomplished in a limited amount of time. And to keep doing them as long as you are able, in the hope that soon you’ll discover your activities have snowballed into something as big and interesting as you wanted your creative life to be.

That’s all I got. And now, off to struggle practicing what I preach.

All the best,


Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

Winners of the Sieben the Cat Contest

Sieben the Cat

Sieben the Cat

Here it is, the Final Contest Update

Here are the results of my #siebenthecat contest on Twitter: Sieben weighs 14.8 lbs. Consequently, @bellafaccie and @camera_stooge are the winners, guessing 14.9 and 14.5 lbs respectively! (please use the contact page to email me your addresses) Thanks so much to everyone for participating, it was fun.

As a consolation prize to all 43 entrants of #siebenthecat, I got Ripple Training to offer 30% off of my Resolve 9 title before Jan 5th (there’s a good use of the 12 days of Christmas for you).

I don’t want to spam everyone, so if you entered my little contest and still want to get my Resolve 9 Core Training video title, go ahead and use my contact page to send me your email address and twitter name; if (and only if) you’re on my entrant’s list of 43 twitter names, I’ll email you the code so you can get the discount.

Happy Holidays!

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

Shooting “The Place Where You Live”

It Takes a Village to Make a Movie

It takes a village to make a movie

It took a little while for the dust to settle, but I wanted to share a little more about the narrative shoot I directed a couple of weeks ago. It’s been five years since my last narrative project has been in front of audiences on the film festival circuit, the feature “Four Weeks, Four Hours.” In that time, I’ve been hard at work developing other projects, none of which got to the point where I was behind the camera.

Given that my last project was a character-driven survival story shot on location in brutal desert landscapes with a distinctly verité aesthetic, I’d been wanting to do something a little more effects and action-oriented for my next project. In casual conversation with folks at Autodesk during an event, I was lucky enough to pique their interest in putting up a bit of financing for a narrative short in exchange for use of some of the footage in a book I’m to write for Wiley about Smoke. Shocked at getting a yes after so much time laboring in solitude, I quickly shifted gears and got back into production mode on relatively short notice.

I kicked out the first draft of “The Place Where You Live” at the beginning of October. Showing it around to my usual suspects, it elicited an immediately great response, which gave me the confidence to put it forth as the project of interest, and to start putting together a production plan even as I refined the script through October. Happily, it was good enough to attract some great Twin Cities talent as I started assembling the cast and crew, the first two members of which included cinematographer Bo Hakala and actress Dawn Krosnowski.

DP Bo Hakala and lead actress Dawn Krosnowski

The story is that of a professor of physics who is abducted by her counterpart from an alternate dimension–one in which her husband has died. Her doppleganger changes places with her in order to get her husband back again, leaving our hero struggling to rebuild the machine that opens the gateway between dimensions to regain the life that should be hers.


“Ninja Nina” shooting her counterpart with a tranquilizer dart
Note: All grades have preliminary offline color

The story demanded two different sets that intersect via a “dimensional doorway.” My original idea, of securing a large enough stage so we could actually build two  physically intersecting sets, ended up being impractical as I couldn’t afford the appropriate time with the necessary space. Searching for alternate solutions, I found another venue with two smaller stages that would suit the two sets I needed to create, but this would necessitate greenscreen compositing to join the two locations together. On the other hand, this more effects-driven two location approach would give me the freedom to do some crazier visuals, and the lower cost would give us more time to build the sets, so the answer was clear.

The Final Greenscreen Lab Set

The final greenscreen lab set

Moreover, a cheaper stage would allow us to secure it for a longer time in order to take the art direction farther. My wife Kaylynn Raschke is a stylist and set decorator (as well as actress and playwright) with over twenty years of experience who did wonders on my last film, so I naturally drafted her to slip into Production Designer mode to create the “high-energy physics lab” and “college professor office” sets. Given her additional background in narrative, Kaylynn brings a story-driven approach to her styling that I really appreciate. She also has amazing ways to stretch the ridiculously low budgets I have for art department expenses.

The Initial State of the Lab Set Stage

Production Designer Kaylynn Raschke on the raw stage for the lab

Working with a crew of builders and assistants over a week and a half, she created a pair of very distinct spaces that looked fantastic on camera.

Production Designer Kaylynn Raschke, Mark, and Ken Raschke

Production Designer Kaylynn Raschke with builders Mark Storm and Ken Raschke

While the sets were being built, I divided my time in late November and early December (with the shoot scheduled Dec 8-10th) filling holes in the crew, keeping on top of the details and logistics of key props and equipment needed, and working through the previsualization that would be critical for me to be able to direct the lead actress against both herself and her body double on two different sets within any single given scene.

Once the sets were underway, I modeled them with accurate dimensions in Google’s Sketchup 3D application, and then fit them together as they would be in the movie, as superimposed locations joined by a “doorway.” This diagram let me put together my shooting diagrams, and start figuring out how I wanted to use this dual location approach in my storyboards.

Shooting Diagram for the First Abduction Scene

Shooting diagram for the abduction scene

Previs using 3D models in Sketchup proved to be invaluable in letting me and Bo keep all of the differently joined angles in mind as the lighting and camera crews set up each position. Given the spaghetti-like order of the shot list we were using to maximize time, the four passes I spent putting the boards together myself ended up making it much easier to keep my director’s mind on the ball as we did a shot from Scene 2, then a reverse from scene 6 in different costume, then another shot from scene 8 in yet another costume, and so on during the two days of shooting on our sets.

Previs Storyboards for the Abduction Scene

Previs storyboards for the abduction scene

The week before the shoot was also the week I found the body double, Emily Muyskens (special thanks to Moore Creative Talent in Minneapolis) who would substitute for the lead actresses alternate character in closeups. With both actresses now known quantities, Kaylynn put on her wardrobe hat and outfitted both women with matching costumes for the various stages the character and her doppleganger go through in the story. As a director/colorist, I really appreciate Kaylynn’s ability to keep the color choices for both set and costume in mind, an important consideration when you’re trying to create an overall look for a project.

Double Emily Muyskens and Actress Dawn Krosnowski

Double Emily Muyskens and Actress Dawn Krosnowski

Friday before the shoot was prelighting day (lighting and grip equipment was provided by Tasty Lighting Supply, with Michael Handley working the shoot as Gaffer). Much as I was struggling to keep the budget down, Bo wisely convinced me to spend the money and take the time on Friday to do some preliminary lighting setups. That also ended up being the day the big greenscreen was put up on the lab set, so it was a full afternoon, with Kaylynn working late to apply the final touches to the dressing of the lab set.

Prelighting and Dressing the Lab Set

Prelighting and dressing the lab set

The giant green screen in the lab would facilitate a nice chunk of CG set extension to visualize “the machine,” the design of which had already been preliminarily worked out by New York-based illustrator Ryan Beckwith (with whom I’ve been laboring on Starship Detritus). Ryan does a lot of professional storyboarding for commercial spots and features as well, so he’s uniquely qualified to create set-friendly designs.

Preliminary Design of "The Machine"

Ryan Beckwith’s preliminary sketch of “the machine”

Day 1 of the shoot, Saturday, was lab set day, which was challenging for a variety of reasons. Much of the script takes place in the lab, and scenes with the “dimensional doorway” all look into the office set, so the camera setups had to be rigorously measured and kept track of so they could be aligned with matching plates to be shot the following day.

Measuring the Shot

Measuring each shot

An additional complication was the need to balance the camera setups I wanted against multiple costume changes for each setup, since the actress was playing against herself in all scenes, and the double only worked in closeups that framed her face out. Miki Sautbine did a great job quick-changing hair and makeup, with Kaylynn doing double duty as wardrobe.

Dawn, Emily, and Hair/Makeup Artist Miki Sautbine

Dawn, Emily, and Hair/Makeup artist Miki Sautbine

Molly Katagari also served double-duty as both Script Supervisor and Assistant Director, having done a masterful job of taking my shot list and hammering it into a daily schedule that allowed us to pack an incredibly ambitious amount of work into two long days.

AC Chris Hadland and Script Sup/AD Molly Katagari

AC Chris Hadland and Script Sup/AD Molly Katagari

With my previs boards to guide us, the majority of the day saw us slogging through all of the finicky effects shots in the lab, with Bo pulling out an amazing assortment of creative lighting techniques to bring Kaylynn’s set to life. I’ve never worked in lighting or grip (PA-ing in San Francisco didn’t really count), so my notes to Bo came from my colorist background as we discussed pools of light, where I wanted areas of shadow, and the general characteristics of the visuals that I wanted. Bo then took all of that five steps further utilizing an impressive variety of lighting instruments. I love being surprised, and Bo constantly presented me with visual options that contributed loads to the atmosphere.

Creative Lighting Cues

Creative lighting cues

We were shooting with a RED ONE MX. Not the most cutting edge choice, but when we discussed camera packages versus budget (it sucks to be both the director and the bean-counting producer at the same time), Bo suggested going for a more affordable camera in order to free up funds for better lenses. Having graded RED ONE MX footage for clients, I was comfortable with the choice, and definitely in favor of the clarity better glass would provide, in our case a set of Zeiss Super Speeds (the whole camera package was provided by CineMechanics).

Set Dog Penny Helps DP Bo Hakala Operate

Penny helps DP Bo Hakala operate

I made it clear that I liked to shoot wide, and I’m a fan of composing shots with subjects at multiple levels of depth. We were on the same page there, and Bo used a set of 14mm to 85mm primes to great effect.

Nina Powering Up "The Machine"

Nina Powering Up “The Machine”
Note: All grades have preliminary offline color

On top of that, I wanted to do one or two tricky shots. I obtained a chroma-green face mask in order to shoot plates with Dawn’s double for doing a head replacement. Honestly, it’s a brief moment and I wasn’t sure how well the composite would work, so I made sure to cover the same moment of dialog and action in a more conventional way as a closeup against Emily the body double. However, if it works, this’ll be a cool shot.

Nina Dragging Her Alternate

Nina dragging her alternate

There were four lab scenes in particular; two involving effects, and two that were simply within the environment (albeit with the giant greenscreen that will be replaced with the CG “big physics machine”). As the shots trickled in, I kept saying as encouragingly as I could that things would speed up once we got out of the effects thicket, and it was nice to be proven right. After hours spent on collections of individual shots, we slid right through the non-effects scenes with some fantastic dolly work and nice overlapping angles of coverage at the end of the evening.

Working Through the Evening

Working through the evening

I started directing on 16mm, and there were plenty of times when we were down to a single 400′ reel, and every shot had to count. Those experiences, and my background editing video in the 90s and being given boxes of tapes to wade through, drilled the need for specificity and economy into me, so that even now, with stock effectively “free” thanks to endlessly swappable digital memory cards, I tend to keep the number of takes I shoot as low as possible, and I don’t generally let the camera run. Sure as hell makes logging and editing easier later.

Nina Preparing to Act

Nina preparing to act

That also requires a terrific camera crew (AC Chris Hadland, Key Grip Joe Gallup, with DP Bo Hakala operating were fantastic) and excellent talent, and I have to give a major shout out to Dawn Krosnowski for giving me the most one-take shots I’ve ever had on a project. As confusing as the shot ordering could be, she took my notes and nailed moment after moment. Between the excellent camera work and performances, after three days of shooting I ended up with only 10 reels and 400GB of RED .R3D media. I admit, I took a quiet joy in giving DIT Dmitry Futoryan little to do.

AC Chris Hadland

AC Chris Hadland

On day two we finished the lab shooting with the very last of the effects, some mirror shots that let us virtually pull the camera back to match its position in the office set, a very nifty bit of geometric trickery suggested by Bo weeks before. Since the green screen in the lab set was right against the wall, the only way to achieve the distance from camera to subject necessary for the matching office shot was to shoot an angled reflection, for which I had a 4′ by 7′ mirror custom-made the week before. It worked great, although matching the actress’ eyelines to material we’d not yet shot was challenging.

A mirror shot

A mirror shot
Note: All grades have preliminary offline color

With that concluded, we moved into the Office set, which was being prelit and dressed even as we wrapped the lab. While there were more shots in the lab, we were aided by the fact that now we had actual matching plates to reference, and camera height/distance/angle measurements we could use, but still the finicky effects work consumed much of the day.

Nina Crossing Over

Nina crossing over

An added benefit of the Office set was more dialog. The Lab scenes involved few lines. Most of the conversations take place in the office, with the character chatting with people on heads-up video displays (to be added in later, that’s why she keeps pointing at the air). Production recordist Tom Colvin came equipped with a fantastic audio set-up, I wanted to shoot dual-system sound to keep the camera free of entanglements, and Tom did a great job using combined wireless and boom mics as necessary to capture ideal sound in our unusual environments.

Production Sound Recordist Tom Colvin upper left

Production Sound Recordist Tom Colvin upper left

I was up front that our stages, not being sound stages, were pretty poor acoustic environments, not least because we were in a band rehearsal area, and while the owner was fantastic and encouraged everyone to take the weekend off, there were still one or two bands that popped up at awkward times. However, the bands in attendance were lovely about giving us some space, and after reviewing the audio, it’s astonishingly usable, not the lease because of Tom’s efforts, so I’ve high hopes the need for dialog replacement will be minimal. I absolutely love having a dedicated sound professional on set.

Nina Speaking With an Element Not Yet Composited

Nina speaking with an element not yet composited

Again, once we hit the “non-effects” scenes, things went much faster, but by then much of the day had been spent, and I was between a rock and a hard place in terms of being forced to go for a second long day with a crew that was already going the distance, and giving me low rates on top of that. I hate forcing long days, and I especially hate it when I feel like I’m not really paying for it. On the other hand, the producer in me needed to get those scenes, so as soon as I knew we’d be going long, I made sure to have a chat with the whole crew to see if there was anyone who wouldn’t be able to go along with the schedule.

Always Something to Discuss

There’s always something to discuss

Happily, everyone was incredibly professional and had a fantastic attitude, and a few pizzas made it possible to continue through the evening. However, not wanting to be a complete jackass, I got down with my boards between takes and started weeding out unnecessary coverage in order to make time without losing scenes (I’d cut the script down to the bare essentials in my fourth draft, so losing anything now would mean sacrificing story).

Editing Down the Storyboards

Editing down the storyboards

I managed to collapse some angles together and mentally edit a path through the remaining two scenes that would need only five shots, including close-up inserts necessary for my “Twilight Zone” style ending. What I didn’t know at the time (Kay mentioned it when I was reviewing my footage) was that, while I was cutting shots, the DP was stealing insert shots he knew I wanted in-between camera setups. I owe him a bottle of something nice.

Bo Hakala and Chris Hadland Grabbing Shots

Bo Hakala and Chris Hadland stealing shots

Wrapping the office scene and packing up the grip truck ended up going even later than I’d anticipated (note to part-time producers, factor in how long it takes to load the grip truck!). It didn’t help that it started snowing that morning and it didn’t quit all day, which is one of the many benefits of shooting in Minnesota in the winter. Consequently, I punted the early call the following morning to let folks get a bit more sleep before the final on-location shoot.

Ah, the joys of shooting in Minnesota winters…

Ah, the joys of shooting in Minnesota winters…

The next morning, I got up early, checked my budget, grabbed my binder, and headed to the location to let the owner of the business we were shooting at know that the crew would be coming an hour later. Rewarding myself for getting through the effects scenes with a nice café mocha, I waited in front of the business. And waited. And waited. A few phone calls later, I was convinced that I somehow screwed the pooch with the owner on following up about the shoot, and gave some quick thought to how to change the scene to shoot in a new location. Luckily for me, Kaylynn’s and my house was just a few blocks away (in fact, the actresses for that day were already there), so as crew started showing up, I redirected everyone to the new location, and Kaylynn arranged for some heavy-duty snow-blowing to make a path in our yard through the previous day’s blizzard.

I later found out that the business owner’s phone had fallen into a snow drift the evening before, and he was subsequently snowed in that morning, so while he wanted to come and let us in, he was trapped at home and had no way of reaching me. I felt bad for him, but was pleased to learn that it wasn’t ultimately an oversight on my part! At any rate, by the time Bo arrived, I had my new plan of coverage for the scene, and added a few lines of changed dialog to account for the difference.

Actresses Lana Rosario, Dawn Krosnowski, and Director Alexis Van Hurkman

Actresses Lana Rosario, Dawn Krosnowski, and me

Honestly, the new location (our living room) once Kaylynn got done re-dressing it, ended up working much better for the project, lending a more intimate vibe to a scene between friends. And Bo and I were both relieved to be able to shoot a real scene with no effects nonsense dragging us down. Dawn was joined by  Lana Rosario, and we wrapped the scene and the shoot after an honest half-day.

Nina Visiting a Friend

Nina visiting a friend
Note: All grades have preliminary offline color

After that, there was much packing and writing of checks, and I was left with ten reels of fantastic footage that are crying out for editing and compositing, and a set that needed striking the following week. Ah, the glamour of independent filmmaking.

I'm a Hands-On Director

I’m a hands-on director

So that was our shoot. There’s still work to be done, in particular I’ve got a handful of establishing shots with the actress that I need to arrange, and I had to punt the reverse part of her conversation with the husband to another day (probably after the holidays), but the bulk of the project is in the can, and now the postproduction begins.

You can be sure that I’ll announce loud and clear when the movie’s ready to be watched. Until then, the director’s work is never done…

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

Return of the Holiday Contest…

My Cat, Sieben

My Cat, Sieben

The Holiday Season is upon us once again, so merry merry, everyone. It’s certainly been an eventful year for me, and judging from the folks I keep track of on Twitter, it seems to have been so for a lot of folks.

To commemorate this year’s activities, I thought it would be fun to run another contest, this time offering one of two free Ripple Training USB memory sticks with my brand new DaVinci Resolve 9 Core Training on it (as seen below) to two lucky winners. I’ve been hearing lots of compliments from those of you who’ve already picked this up (and I thank you), but if you haven’t yet had the chance, this is your opportunity to learn more about how to use DaVinci Resolve 9 via 11 hours of show and tell, from me, for free. As in beer.


All you have to do is to be one of two people to guess how much my cat Sieben weighs, in either Kilograms or Pounds (international entries welcome) and tell me via Twitter using the appropriate hashtag (#siebenthecat). The two closest guesses by midnight CST, December 24th (Christmas Eve) will win. The weight and two winners will be announced by me on December 25th. Here are the rules–

  1. All guesses must be submitted via Twitter (@hurkman) and must bear the hashtag #siebenthecat
  2. I mean it, all guesses must be submitted via Twitter, with the hashtag #siebenthecat
  3. No emails.
  4. All guesses must be submitted by midnight CST December 24th. Weighing is on Xmas day. No appeals.
  5. I’ll ship it to you for free, but no guarantees on how long it’ll take if you’re not in the US.
  6. If you don’t tweet using the hashtag, I’m not obligated to include your entry as I may not find it, so don’t forget #siebenthecat

Good luck, and best wishes on a peaceful, happy holiday of your choosing!


Xmas Day Update—Well that’s a big oops. I was just informed that we do not actually own a scale in the Hurkman/Raschke co-prosperity sphere. Alas, the great #siebenthecat weigh-in will have to be postponed until December 26th, when stores open for me to buy a scale. Announcements of the two winners will commence at that time. My sincerest apologies for being such an inadvertent scrooge, although this gives me the chance to find a scale with two decimal places of precision to accommodate the great specificity of the guesses. Happy Merry Whatever, my friends.

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

A Modest Proposal

It saddens me to post in response to such a horrific occurrence as the mass shooting in Connecticut. However, this occurrence brings up issues of national importance that we all should be contemplating, so I thought it would be worth writing out my contribution to the discourse here.

I just directed a short that has a gun; a tranquilizer-dart-shooting air pistol, but a gun nonetheless. As we were shooting the scene the weekend before this tragedy, there was some discussion about the “cool factor” of a gun in a movie. I’m being honest. As outraged as I’ve been that yet another mass gun murder has taken place, I’m still putting guns on screen. Because they’re cool. Because people like them in these morality plays we create and call entertainment. And because it served my narrative purpose.

While I fall short of calling for an outright ban on all guns, I have been fairly vocal on social networking sites where I participate that I believe gun ownership should be subject to increased regulation. I use car ownership as my model, as it requires the training and testing needed to obtain a license, and regulation to the extent that certain infractions (repeated drunk driving, for example) rescinds your right to drive. Furthermore, you don’t get to drive anything you want, your license entitles you to drive a certain type of vehicle, and that vehicle needs to conform to certain standards to be considered “street legal.”

My rationale is this; I’m not looking to take cars away, I just want to make sure that people who own cars know how to use them, that the cars they’re driving are safe for the purpose of transportation, and that their license for use is dependent on their behavior with their vehicle. Vehicles are dangerous, and we want drivers to be responsible.

Likewise with guns. Guns have one purpose, to put a bullet into a target. Whether that target is a clay pigeon, a deer, or a person. Their inherent danger both to their owners (accidents are not unknown) and to others I believe demands the same level of training and oversight as ownership of an automobile. And I don’t want to hear about voluntary measures from anyone who’s not willing to let driver training and testing for licensing be voluntary as well.

Furthermore, I don’t believe that firearms with automatic actions, assault weapons, and large magazines are necessary for general civilian use. If you need a magazine with 15 rounds to hunt deer, you might be doing it wrong. And you should not require a Glock with 26 rounds to fend off an assailant; if so I sure as hell don’t want to be around while you’re doing it.

We used a dummy prop in my movie, and the logistics of the effects meant that our actress didn’t actually have to point the fake gun at anyone at all, just at a green screen. Consequently, little oversight was necessary beyond me taking the time to go through the motions of confirming the fakeness of the gun, confirming or unloading the chamber of our fake gun, and making sure the darts being handled were properly capped.

However, were it a production necessitating actual firearms firing actual blanks around other actual actors, we would have required an arms master, multiple levels of checks and safety drills, and our insurance premiums for the shoot would have gone up.

Which leads to my actual question—what if gun owners were required to carry the same kind of liability insurance that car owners and filmmakers need to carry?

Regardless of who you are and what your track record is, if you’re a responsible filmmaker, you should carry liability insurance. There are dozens of things that can go wrong, and all kinds of ways that your cast and crew members can be hurt. If you don’t carry insurance beyond what your rental agreements require, you are being irresponsible. My small shoot, three days of principal photography, ended up carrying a burden of $1900 worth of insurance overall. I gladly paid, because I wanted to make sure that if the unthinkable went wrong and anything bad happened, the right thing would be done.

Insurance is a free market solution. Let private insurers handle gun owner liability, setting premiums using the same metrics they use for other insurable activities. If you’re uninsurable, then you don’t get to have a gun, because you probably shouldn’t.

As far as I’m concerned, this would be a ratification of the personal responsibility borne by gun owners. If you’re responsible, your premiums will be low, and your motivation to properly store and lock up your dangerous tool will be high.

Furthermore, this insurance would provide a fund to deal with the inevitable accidents and homicides that we in the United States are declaring we’re willing to accept as a consequence of wide-spread gun ownership. Make no mistake, if we are willing to accept civilian ownership of guns, we are saying that we accept the accompanying accidents and homicides committed as a result.

If the general consensus remains that gun ownership is, in fact, worth that price, then we owe it to ourselves to create a comprehensive, non-optional culture of gun safety and oversight, and to limit the potential for mass fatalities by setting realistic limits on what can be owned.

Ranchers, hunters, and enthusiasts can continue to keep those guns deemed acceptable for civilian availability. There are many legitimate uses, and people who need them. But if you’re a gun owner who’s against gun controls, you need to own up to the hazards these tools present, and you especially need to own up to the fact that not everyone is as responsible in their gun ownership as you are.

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

Back in the Saddle Again

Those of you who’ve been following me on Twitter have undoubtedly been noting my now constant stream of preproduction tweets, so I figured it was time to stop being such a tease and share a bit of what’s going on. I’m producing and directing a short subject I’ve written called “The Place Where You Live.” I’m not going to spoil the plot, as you’ll have an opportunity to see it soon enough, but here’s a clue…

The headshot shows our lead, Dawn Krosnowski, who’s heading up a cast of three in this tightly scripted “Twilight Zone-esque” excursion into speculative fiction. Kaylynn Raschke, art director extrordinaire, has been overseeing construction of our two sets for this project.

Building in the Office Set

We’re saving money by shooting in a non-traditional space, in this case, a pair of stages usually reserved for band rehearsals. The tradeoff is that they’re odd spaces, but the advantage is that Kaylynn has had more time to work on the sets, and we haven’t needed such a huge crew.

From This…

To This

The last time I had a set built was 1991, since then it’s been all on-location shooting for me. However, it’s nice to be back in a mode where things are more tightly controlled. While not a feature, this is easily the most ambitious project I’ve worked on, with dual set compositing, lots of VFX, and a terrific crew headed up by cinematographer Bo Hakela.

So that’s what all the fuss is about. After six years of being in development with two other projects, it’s nice to be shooting something again. I’ll be posting updates once principal photography is finished, and more as we shift from production into post, and the post specialist in me gets to rue decisions that the director in me just had to make on the set.

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

New Video Training for DaVinci Resolve 9

First, I want to express my sincere gratitude to everyone who’s been waiting so patiently. It’s a tough balance between waiting for DaVinci to nail everything down so my lessons are as up-to-date as possible, and getting things started in time for Ripple to be able to add the kind of polish and organization that makes their titles something special.

So here’s the announcement—Ripple Training has completed and made available my DaVinci Resolve 9 Core Training. Right now.

This is a completely new title, dramatically expanded to almost 12 hours of instruction covering nearly all of Resolve 9 from media ingest and project conform, through every grading tool that’s available, to final output for a variety of workflows. In total, 65 exhaustively chapter-marked and organized movies span the gamut of techniques that DaVinci Resolve 9 makes possible.

All new lessons on multi-node grading

This title is appropriate for both DaVinci Resolve and DaVinci Resolve Lite (the free version). And since both versions of Resolve now allow the use of unlimited nodes, this new title has all new lessons on multi-node grading for both practical and creative effect.

If you’re brand-new to Resolve, this series will walk you through all of the basics, and move you seamlessly from importing projects to making the grade. If you’re an old Resolve hand, Ripple Training’s fantastic chapter-marker organization makes it easy to zero in on just the features you’re interested in, and with 12 hours of content to choose from, you’re bound to learn something new. It’s like having a video handbook for using Resolve.

Each movie has extensive chapter markers, making it easy to find the information you’re looking for

I’ve worked hard to offer information and instruction that’s concise, yet clear to users of all levels of experience, that also includes interesting tips and techniques that I employ in my own work. I’m thrilled with how this title has turned out, and have to give everyone at Ripple my sincere thanks for doing such a great job of adding editorial polish and visual clarity via zoom-ins, graphics, and call-outs, to make every control and adjustment immediately obvious at every step of the way.

This entire collection of 65 movies is available at two resolutions—

  • 720p download ($79.99) for optimal playback on the iPad 1, 2, and mini
  • 1080p download ($89.99) for playback on desktops, laptops, and the iPad 3 and 4
  • If downloading is a hassle, you can also order the whole set, at either resolution, on a whiffy Ripple Training USB thumb drive ($99.99)

The audio and visual quality have been vastly improved over the prior version – the 1080 version in particular really looks fantastic – making for an extremely enjoyable watching experience.

We’re deliberately keeping this affordable, despite the expansion, so that no one has any excuse not to be able to add this to their reference collection, alongside the other great training resources that are available. So please, check out Ripple Training’s DaVinci Resolve 9 Core Training page, which has example movies, stills, and a complete table of contents. If you’re been wanting to learn Resolve, or have just upgraded to Resolve 9 and want to learn how to get more out of it, you can get fast answers and support this blog of mine by ordering your copy today.

Thank you for your support.

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

What Display Should I Buy? An Opinion Piece…

Lest you later accuse me of false advertising, I’m admitting right now that I’m not going to tell you what you should buy. Rather, I’ll deliver an epistemological monologue about choosing monitors that may accidentally be helpful to you. I welcome comment, especially from those of you who are genuine color scientists. Just please be nice to each other.

I’m talking color critical displays, and gird your loins, because this post is a long one.

Before We Begin

Okay. I lied. I’ll do you a favor and give you a recommendation that will free you from needing to read the rest of this article. Pull together $30,000 and buy a Dolby PRM-4200. It’s big (42″), it has nice deep blacks because of its insane backlighting technology, it’s got stable color, excellent shadow detail, multi-standard support, contains the full gamut of both Rec 709 and P3 for DCI work, and it’s a giant piece of equipment that will impress everyone who comes into your suite.

Also, the European Broadcast Union (EBU) have declared that the Dolby is replacing CRT as the new standard reference monitor for their compression codec testing (May 2012, Post Magazine). If it’s good enough for the European Union, it’s good enough for me, and nobody is going to complain about working with one of these. No, I haven’t tested it. Yes, I’ve seen it in a controlled environment, and based on unscientific observation it looked fantastic. I’m electing to trust that Dolby and the EBU have done their jobs, so you can buy yourself out of this whole debate. I’d get one if I could.

On the other hand, if like me you don’t have $30K to spend on a display, read on.

Plusses and Minuses

My friends, we are making ourselves crazy. To a certain extent, this is necessary. We are professional colorists, and we require excellence in our display technologies. However, in the pursuit of excellence, we have been set to the task of achieving a pinnacle of perfection, while being given imperfect tools.

First off, I am not a color scientist. I am a pro user, but when it comes to display technology, I rely on expert information from a variety of sources. At the end of the day, I never recommend any display I haven’t personally seen, but I don’t claim to have rigorously tested the calibration profiles of different displays, other than my own.

What I usually do is what any educated consumer does: poll experts I know, check with company representatives when possible, and lurk the TIG and other online forums like crazy, collating every specific opinion I read from other colorists in the field about what they see, what they like, and why.

It seems to me that shopping for a color critical display is similar to being an audiophile—you can make yourself crazy searching for the Nth degree of perfection. Unlike audio technology, displays are subject to a concrete standard; Rec 601, Rec 709, or P3 dictating the gamut, and a gamma setting that depends on your specific application (more on that here), and a specific peak brightness measured in foot-lamberts (more on that here).

However, where once there was a single display technology, CRT, that served the entire industry, now there are legion. LCD with LED backlighting, LCD with fluorescent backlighting, different models of Plasma, OLED panels, LCOS Projectors, and DPL Projectors all vie for the dollars of colorists furnishing their grading suites.

Furthermore, the actual light-emitting technology is just one aspect of a display. Then there is the hardware and software that transforms an HD-SDI signal into a streaming wall of photons within the appropriate gamut, at the appropriate gamma and foot-lamberts. And, for every single display in existance, this requires some manner of calibration.

Speaking as an end user, display calibration is a frustrating field to follow. The frustration is thus: you’re told to adhere to a standard, and theoretically that’s cut and dried. Here are the numbers, make the display match the numbers. In practice, getting your display to match those numbers is a pretty challenging task, and different probes and software do this differently, and the results have minor deviations from one another, and then everyone gets to quibble about whose delta-E is smaller. (Crudely put, delta-E is the measured difference between what your display is showing, and what is should be showing, during a controlled calibration procedure.)

Consider probes. I’ve had various conversations with different folks, and read many articles, and the general consensus is that (a) hugely expensive probes are accurate, (b) even with expensive probes, different folks have different favorites, and (c) below a certain threshold ($10K) different probes are good at measuring different ranges of tonality. So, as with all things, if you’re not spending a shed-load of money, then virtually any decision you make is a compromise of some sort, and you won’t get perfection. You’ll get something somewhere close.

Now, consider calibration software, whether stand-alone (a package such as LightSpace, CineSpace, or Truelight), or built into a display like the Flanders Scientific or TVLogic at the low end, or the Dolby PRM-4200 at the high end. Each of these vendors will tout the advantages of their system, and the excellence of their color scientists, in crafting the ideal algorithms for mastering the heavy math of measuring and transforming accurate color. They all employ smart folks, so how do you choose?

And we haven’t even gotten to the displays themselves. Again, in the absence of a single technology that everyone in our industry can agree on, we’re stuck comparing different trade-offs. Here’s what I perceive at the moment:

  • LCD (fluroescent backlight)—Plusses: Inexpensive (relatively), stable color, wide choice of vendors offering different sizes; Minuses: narrower viewing angles than Plasma, a black level that’s comparatively light (how this is perceived depends on viewing conditions)
  • OLED—Plusses: Deep black level, stable color, appealing image quality; Minuses: even narrower viewing angles than LCD, 24″ is the largest realistically available as of this writing, reports of perceptual “magenta tinge” with older observers is worrysome
  • Plasma—Plusses: Wide viewing angle, inexpensive at large sizes (55″+), deep black level; Minuses: less stable color requires more frequent calibration than other technologies (still better than CRT), slight crushing of data in the very darkest shadows, Auto Brightness Level (ABL) circuit modifies images with brightness above a certain threshold and is worrisome
  • Projection—Plusses: Wide viewing angle, huge viewing angle, stable color, unique image quality matching the theatrical experience, “budget” models from JVC are inexpensive relative to size; Minuses: unique image quality matching the theatrical experience (it will never pop like a self-illuminated display), DCP-compliant high-resolution models are expensive and require infrastructure (cooling, a booth, etc), you need more space than a simple display.

So there you go. No one relatively affordable display technology has everything you want. Period.

What does this mean? Are we all screwed? Do we lose sleep because, whatever decision we made, we’re wrong and the programs we’re grading are all catastrophically off by some obvious margin?

No. Of course not. Across the world, there are hundreds upon hundreds of grading suites and thousands of multi-purpose video postproduction suites that are using what have been represented as calibarated, color critical versions of every technology I’ve just described. And they’re all producing hundreds of thousands of hours of programming and entertainment, much of which you probably watch on cable, at film festivals, in theaters, on your computer screens, and on your portable devices.

In my case, I’m using Plasma, my trusty VT30 series Panasonic display. Yes, it has the ABL circuit, and on Steve Shaw’s advice I’ve taken special care to adjust the calibration patch size to avoid its effects when I use LightSpace to generate LUTs for it. Is this circuit kicking in during some portion of whatever program I grade? Probably, but to be honest I’ve never noticed an artifact during a session, it’s never impeded my decision making, and I’ve never had a client come back with a program I’ve delivered and say “what the hell did you give me, hurkman!” And yes, I realize I’m missing some values of detail down at the bottom blacks, but again it’s nothing that’s stopped me from making creative decisions, and I’ve got a set of HD scopes to show me the data of my signal to make sure I know what’s there for QC purposes. I also have a CRT that I baby, but it’s got the phosphors, so it’s not really a match, though it’s close.

When I decided to go plasma, and I can’t stress enough that this is a personal decision that should be based as much on your particular clientele and needs as on your budget, it was based on the following: I like the blacks of plasma, I like having a larger display so my clients can comfortably sit behind me, and I like the viewing angle so that several clients can sit off axis (even in my home suite, it happens).

What’s Everybody Else Using?

My decision was also based on a certain critical mass that I perceived—as of 2010 I was aware of many high-end post houses that installed plasma in their grading suites as hero monitors, and I decided if it was good enough for them, then it’d be good enough for me.

And at the end of the day, I believe that’s a fair call. I want to trust my display, and I want my clients to trust my display. If I’ve got a technology that’s deployed elsewhere, that provides consistency and some confidence for all involved with the process. That was the advantage of the old Sony CRTs; everybody had one, so nobody had any doubt. It’s the same reason you see Genelec speakers in every editing suite you’ve ever been in. Sure, they’re great speakers, but it helps that no client is going to walk into a room and say, “what the hell kind of speakers are you using here, anyway?”

Time and technology march on. When I was in New York, my clients were a bunch of indie filmmakers, and I used a calibrated JVC DILA projector to give them the theatrical experience. Now I’ve got a Plasma I’ve been using for a year and a half, as I have a smaller room and am doing more commercial/broadcast types of work. If I were to get something new today, I’m not sure what I’d get; maybe another Plasma, or possibly an LCD-based display to save a little space in my current independent suite, it’s hard to say.

We Need A Tolerance

I’m going to go out on a limb and say that I believe our industry desparately needs a SMPTE-recommended tolerance for Rec 709 displays. In other words, yes we know what the standard is for HD video, but how far can we acceptably deviate from this standard before the warning buzzer goes off and we end up getting dunked in the clown pool.

And no, I’m not completely insane. There is precedent in the specified tolerance for DCI-compliant reference projectors; go out and find SMPTE Recommended Practice document 431.2 (this is also discussed in Glenn Kennel’s excellent Color and Mastering for Digital Cinema).

There are actually two projector tolerances given, a more conservative tolerance for review rooms (that’s you), and a slightly more liberal tolerance for theaters (the audience). For review rooms, Gamma is allowed to be ±2%, and color accuracy is allowed to be ±4 delta E*. I imagine this is to accomodate some slight aging of the projector bulb, but the point is if you’re within this tolerance, you’re good.

Absolute perfection, for we independent post folks, is cost prohibitive. I would also argue that it’s demonstrably unnecessary for professional work. I say demonstrably because Sony CRT monitors are still widely in use in high-end color grading suites across the world, and these CRTs are not set up to display Rec 709 primaries. They use SMPTE-C phosphors, which have different primaries, so the resulting gamuts closely align but do not perfectly match. Most folks will tell you that the reds appear subtly different when compared. Here’s a plot of the tri-stimulus primary values of Rec. 709 and SMPTE-C, compared.

However, they’re really close, and the truth is, if you review a program on a CRT, then output it to tape, get in your car, drive across town, get a sandwich, drive the rest of the way to the other post house, load the tape, sit in a different suite with a Rec 709 display, and watch the program, you probably won’t notice any difference, because the variation is only really going to be apparent if the two displays were sitting side by side, and we humans don’t have particularly good scene-specific color memory, and besides all color is relative to the other colors in the scene, and likely the interior of the gamut is going to be more consistent, so hooray.

Why am I bringing this up? Because if suites at the highest levels of our industry continue to employ display technologies with demonstrable variation from the Rec 709 standard, in pipelines involving other displays that are more closely adherent to the Rec 709 standard, then that means there’s already an accepable tolerance being informally used. It’s just not being admitted to or documented.

I’m not saying we shouldn’t strive for accuracy. I’m simply suggesting that what tolerance or margin for error is pragmatically acceptable needs to be more closely considered, ratified, and documented, so that we can all stop debating endlessly about what we should buy. Instead, a given display is either within tolerance or not, and there’s enough wiggle room for realistically minimum perceived differences between different technologies.

At that point, if a display or display type is outside the tolerance, then it’s easily discarded. And if it’s within tolerance, then you’re good to go, free of fear. The very thought of this lowers my blood pressure considerably.


By the way, if there’s already an acceptable tolerance for reference Rec 709 displays and I just don’t know about it, please enlighten me. I would love for this to be something that’s already defined.


Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

A Sneak Peek

I’ve been spending a bit of time tidying up the blog, knowing that my Resolve 9 training title from Ripple Training is just around the corner. Well, no sooner did I finish then Steve Martin released a small tidbit on YouTube. This is just one small movie out of many hours of content, but it’ll give you an idea of what’s coming.

This is a total redo, covering all features of DaVinci Resolve, new and old, found in version 9. It also adds many topics I didn’t cover in my version 8 title, as they weren’t originally available within DaVinci Resolve Lite. This time, no limitations! The whole series is due to be available on November 19th.

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

Could We Split the Difference?

No matter who the client, or what the project, sooner or later you’re going to be asked “can you split the difference?” between your interpretation of what the client wanted, and what they discovered they really wanted once they saw what you were up to.

This will make you quietly, politely crazy, and is one of the reasons you need to cultivate a great reservoir of equanimity to do this job.

At the end of the day your client’s needs are more important then your mad skillz, so you’ll make the change, render out the project, and hopefully leave work on time to go knock back a beer or two during happy hour, recalling fondly how cool that program would have looked had they only let you off the chain. This is one reason why colorists still do music videos, despite the woefully poor budgets the majority of them have. Because most low budget music videos seem to want wall-to-wall insanity in the grading.

I was flipping through a fashion catalog (Free People, November) that featured some nice, gentle faded and flared film-ish treatments, and mulling over how I’d achieve those looks in different applications (as I am wont to do over my morning coffee). My wife Kaylynn is a photo stylist who works on these kinds of things, so she gets most of the relevant fashion magazines and catalogs, and we often compare notes on the changing styles of photography from season to season, which is a nice bit of casual research.

Then, of course, I dig into my grading project of the week, and inevitably they don’t want any of that; I’m told they want a nice clean grade, a little warm, with good contrast but no crushing, and FOR GOD’S SAKE DON’T CLIP THE SKIN TONES.

All of which is fine. Your average documentary is not wanting to look like a music video. Still, it makes me treasure all the more those projects that are looking for bolder color treatments. So when I get a project with a flashback or dream sequence, or for which the client is wanting signature looks for specific scenes or acts, and they let me go a little crazy, the pang I feel when I hear “could we split the difference” is just a little more pronounced.

Here’s a pretend example of what I’m talking about. This is an amalgam of different experiences; the example clip did not undergo this, I’m simply using it because it’s at hand (it’s available as one of the clips on the disc of my Color Correction Handbook), and I feel the need to point out that the particular client who brought that project to me was great to work with.

One of the first things I usually do is a simple, non-destructive and neutral grade of the image just to see what I’ve got to work with. In this instance, a very simple set of Lift/Gamma/Gain adjustments and a modest YRGB curves adjustment to compress the toe of the shadows yielded the following image:

At this point, the client tells me, “Yeah, I saw these great color treatments in the Free People catalog, and I really like that faded color with blue shadows, and a faded light-leak on the side. Could you do that? Let’s go crazy!”

And I say, “Heck yeah.” And proceed to start abusing the image, first using the YRGB curves to create nonlinear, per-channel color adjustments to the highlights and shadows to create a warm/turquise disparity, with high contrast specifically targeted to the tonality of the image to maintain a smooth falloff, and a blue lift via the blue channel’s YSFX slider (a DaVinci Resolve-specific adjustment).

Then, I use a Luma vs. Sat curve to create a gradual desaturation of the highlights, muting the colors of the skin tone.

Finally, I add a really, really soft window, and use it to limit another curves adjustment to create the light leak effect.

Then, I show the client the result. Predictably, after a period of silence, the client asks, “I’m not sure about the flaring. Could we split the difference?” The remainder of this narrative could go on and on, but to make a long story short, oftentimes situations like this have the following evolution.

My first take based on the reference imagery the client used:

Splitting the middle by fading/dissolving the curves adjustment literally by 50%, and losing the light flare:

What the client eventually signed off on:

The final solution ends up being slightly warmer midtones and very neutral shadows, easily accomplished by deleting all my other adjustments and making two simple color balance tweaks to Lift and Gamma. The reference image turned out to be a macguffin that served only to show the general direction of the correction. It was not, in fact, what the client wanted.

This happens all the time, and consequently I find I’m a bit skeptical when someone asks me to do something incredibly brash and bold. I don’t want to spend too much of the client’s time working up an elaborate grade when all they really want is something pretty simple. On the other hand, you want to take the client seriously, and if they really are looking for something bold, you don’t want to seem too meek, lest you’re thought of as a creative simpleton.

At the end of the day, I find it all boils down to getting to know your client as well as you can, and your first two hours are critical. Pay particular attention your client’s verbal and nonverbal cues as you create the initial, exploratory grades for a new piece. Chances are, you’ll know within three adjustments if you’re on the right track, and you can swiftly change course if you’re not.

And besides, if you create some super-cool look that the client doesn’t ultimately want, you can save it for some other job. That’s what the still store is for.

Download This Example

Added Nov 3rd, 2012—At reader’s request, I’ve uploaded a saved still and the grade I use as an example for you to download via this link. If you want to apply it to the clip in this example, this very clip comes with the media that accompanies my Color Correction Handbook. To import it into Resolve 9, download the file and uncompress it (it’s a .zip file), then open Resolve, Right-click in the Gallery, choose Import, then select the SplittingDifference_1.30.1.dpx file, and click Import. The still and its grade should import.


Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

A Fun Conversation…

Ron Dawson at Dare Dreamer magazine conducted a really fun interview with me, the result of which is an eighty-six minute episode of the “Crossing the 180” podcast. We talk about the utility of film school, filmmaking and creativity, and of course, color correction. It’s a wider-ranging conversation then I usually get to participate in, and you might find it interesting.

Download it here. Or subscribe to the “Crossing the 180” podcast here.

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

A Good Year to Be In Amsterdam—IBC 2012

Amsterdam was gorgeous this year

This year’s IBC conference was a busy one, and since I was neither speaking or teaching this time around, I had a lot of time to check out what the current state of grading software was among most companies. There’s never enough time to see everything, but I got a good overview of most of the things that interested me.

I’ve been asked by a few people what, in my opinion, the “theme” of this year’s IBC was. For me, it was workflow. Everyone seems to be looking to make managing the media and metadata from on-set through post more streamlined, or to integrate effects, grading, and finishing in different ways. Refinement also seems to be the name of the game, with most grading apps I saw having polished their UI, and added small but useful features such as composite mode blending of multiple layers (a feature that every single grading application now seems to boast). Incorporation of compositing and effects tools into grading applications continues to happen at a rapid pace, with features such as high quality motion estimated speed effects finding their way into more and more grading applications.

The first booth I visited was that of Filmlight, makers of Baselight. A preview version of Baselight was shown with new composite mode blending of different layers, but it seemed that Filmlight’s major news was more related to workflow integration. Now that they’re shipping Baselight plugins for both FCP 7 and Avid Media Composer/Symphony, with a plugin for Nuke right around the corner, Filmlight is in a position to offer a unified and consistent means of handing off comprehensive grading adjustments from NLE through compositing to grading and finishing. Their web site touts this as “Filmlight at every stage,” and they’re working hard to achieve this.

Filmlight also introduced the Flip, a sort of “Baselight in a box,” in order to bring Baselight goodness to the on-set crowd. The Flip is a self contained Baselight system—simply plug in a monitor and a control surface (the Tangent Element panels are supported) and you’re in business. The front of the Flip has buttons with dynamically updating labels (similar to the Blackboard 2), a touch-sensitive display, and a single trackball/ring control that allows simple adjustment even in the absence of a surface.

The Flip, a self-contained Baselight in a box

The idea is that, in addition to being able to use CDL-compatible tools to apply and manage simple primary grades from on-set through post, you can use the Flip to apply full Baselight grades while on-set, previewing them live on your camera’s output, and linking them to your captured media. Once the media/grade relationship has been defined, Baselight’s BLG file format (Baselight Grade File) is used to exchange grading data, with optionally embedded before/after wipe frames of the media files, and the option to even embed the full resolution media itself (as OpenEXR frames of the raw pixel data). At minimum, you can exchange media-less BLG files that contain all of the full multi-layered Baselight grades that correspond to your project’s media among the Flip, FCP 7, Avid, and Nuke Baselight plugins, and a full Baselight workstation. Very cool, from a workflow perspective. (A video about the BLG file format is available here).

Speaking of Tangent, their new Element panels seemed to be everywhere at the show except the Quantel booth. Currently Resolve, Lustre and Flame Premium, the Filmlight Flip, Scratch, Mistika, and REDCineX all support the Elements, along with numerous other applications and utilities. Tangent’s main news was a set of new Pelican case foam inserts for folks needing portability; I could have sworn I took a picture, but alas I did not (they’re black). Pricing information is not yet available, but the foam inserts are designed to fit the relatively slim Pelican iM2370 case, and the larger  iM2500 (a wheeled case which is capable of fitting both the panels and a 15″ laptop). I’m looking forward to picking one of these up for my on-location gigs.

After a few years of not having time to check out SGO’s Mistika software, it appears I picked a good year to get a comprehensive demo, as Mistika now sports a brand new color correction interface. Known for being an integrated editing, compositing, and grading environment with an excellent stereoscopic toolset, it’s nice to know that they’re not resting on their laurels, and that they’re continuing to develop and refine their toolset.

Mistika’s new color correction UI

I was unfamiliar with their previous color correction interface, but the new UI has everything you would expect, with lift/gamma/gain three-way controls, multiple layers of primary or secondary correction (called Vectors) embedded into each “timeline layer” of grading, printer light controls, white/black “manually sampled” auto-correction, tracked shapes, qualification, etcetera. All of this is compatible with up to six Tangent Element panels; in fact Tangent tells me that Mistika supports more simultaneously mapped Element panels then any other application right now, making good use of the Element’s expandability.

One unique feature is a mode of “five-way” correction, with five color balance and contrast controls for lift/shadows/gamma/highlights/gain adjustment, simultaneously presented. This is an interesting variation that I can see being quite useful.

Five way color controls in Mistika

Mistika’s grading and compositing is layer-based, and one aspect of this is the concept of a single layer grade being able to encompass multiple clips (similar to track effects in Symphony, or track grades in Speedgrade). What’s unique in Mistika is the ability to “route” key data from one layer to another in the stack, which provides functionality similar to DaVinci’s node-based key and RGB routing. Since Mistika is as much a compositing tool as a grading tool, this provides many node-based advantages while retaining the familiarity of a layer-based interface.

Mistika’s layer-based compositing and color correction

One touch I like in the “trackless” timeline is the resizable playhead, which lets you change its height in order to control how many composited layers you want to preview as you play. A taller playhead that intersects all layers shows the full composite, whereas a shorter playhead that only intersects two of the layers results in only those two layers being composited during playback.

Though not new, I wanted to get a look at the stereoscopic 3D tools that I often hear folks rave about, and I wasn’t disappointed. SGO has implemented a real-time optical flow engine that enables real-time slow motion and format conversion processing. However, it also enables automatic pixel by pixel geometry and color matching between challenging left and right-eye stereoscopic media, making short work of clips where differences in paint reflectivity and sky polarization cause other auto-matching tools to fall short of an overall match. Furthermore, knowing that optical flow processing can produce visual artifacts in clips with overlapping elements in motion, Mistika’s full compositing toolset can be used to isolate and manually repair sections of the odd clip where optical flow artifacts happen to appear.

One of the things that really impressed me, though, is Mistika’s tool for using optical flow processing to alter the interocular distance of elements in the scene at a particular range of depth. SGO refers to this as “depth-discriminated interocular adjustments,” and this lets you stretch or squeeze selected regions of the picture to come forward or move back in postprodution. This is a level of detail that made the film-maker in me rejoice; I was very impressed.

Speaking of stereoscopic work, Omnitek was showing off their tools for stereoscopic analysis and quality control. Formerly developed to run on PC computers, Omnitek now offers their scopes in familiar, self-contained form factors—a rasterizer pizza box (the OTM 1001) and a more traditionally “back-to-the-70s” handled box with a screen (the OTM 1000). Both form factors contain exactly the same hardware, and in fact cost the same, so it’s simply a matter of convenience.

The Omnitek stereo analysis display

Getting a walk through the different displays, I definitely got the sense that this option is valuable for shops doing lots of stereoscopic work. For example, a multi-planar depth scatter graph shows the overall range of positive and negative parallax in an easy to grasp visual manner, with indicators for the outer acceptable range of depth, and shows which parts of the image correspond to what depth. This display corresponds to a depth histogram at the right.

Below that, discrete RGB channel left/right eye exposure comparison scopes show discrepancies in exposure via a horizontal bend in the offending channel’s otherwise vertically oriented graph.

Omnitek’s stereo exposure comparison

A series of bar graphs show left/right eye discrepancies in depth range, vertical and horizontal position, rotation, zoom, sharpness, and color, with unambiguous center indicators for each property.

Omnitek’s Stereo QC analysis

Now that these scopes are self-contained, and I’m told pricing starts at $4K (the stereo options are extra), Omnitek is definitely worth a look if you’re in the market for a dedicated set of outboard scopes.

While I was looking at outboard gear, I took the time to speak with someone at Snell about the Alchemist video signal convertor. I’ve long heard that the Alchemist is one of the premier boxes for format conversion from NTSC to PAL and back again, and was curious to learn more about this somewhat obscure piece of equipment. Unlike other solutions that rely upon optical flow analysis, the Alchemist relies upon a technique called “phase correlation motion estimation” to do its magic. I’m told that the Alchemist’s success at conversion is due in part to years of careful refinement of this method of processing, stemming from customer issues and requests. It’s nice to hear about this kind of evolution in a product.

Interestingly, even though the Alchemist hardware continues to be designed for moving SDI/HD-SDI signals in and out, Snell has come up with a way for both new and existing customers to process video in file-based workflows, using something they call their FileFlow server. It’s basically a computer that can be connected to an existing Alchemist via the HD-SDI inputs and outputs, which itself can be connected to your facility’s network. Video files in supported formats can be uploaded directly to the server, managed via a list-based interface, and converted using the Alchemist hardware.

Interface for the Snell Alchemist FileFlow server

When I inquired about this somewhat indirect add-on approach, they wanted to develop a solution that could be added by the substantial existing customer base, instead of requiring everyone to purchase a new box.

This brought me to the area of the conference center that showcased monitors, among other dedicated bits of hardware. I had a nice chat with Bram Desmet at Flanders Scientific about the new 12-bit XYZ monitoring option which is available as a firmware update to all existing customers. The 24-inch 2461W was already a well-regarded, flexible display, but this makes it even more useful in a wider variety of postproduction situations.

However, what I was really interested in was Flanders’ 10-bit CM170. Even though this 17-inch display isn’t exactly new (it was announced at NAB) this was my first look at it, and I liked what I saw. While these days it’s really too small for a room with five clients in it, given that Flanders has designed it to be a full-resolution, color critical display, at $3,295 it’s probably the best bang for the buck that’s available as a grading monitor for a small one-colorist unsupervised suite.

Flanders Scientific CM170

Additionally, the fact that it’s compact, accurate, and full resolution makes this an especially attractive monitor for on-set work. For that purpose there’s an external DC power input and screw holes for battery attachments. Nice.

Just a few booths away, I also checked out the Penta Studiotechnik HD2 range of color-critical displays. I was previously unaware of this company’s offerings, and while the show floor is a terrible place to do a proper evaluation, Steve Shaw of Light Illusion spoke highly of them, and has worked with the company to make Lightspace available as a calibration option.

The Pentax Studiotechnic video wall

Pentax Studiotechnic offers a range of LCD displays under the HD2 Pro brand, in a variety of sizes. The 32″ and under displays use ND filters to control light output and improve blacks, while the impressive-looking 55″ panel is claimed to offer 187 degrees of viewing, with a glossy screen that doesn’t need ND filtering. If you’re researching different displays, it’s another company to look into.

Getting back to grading software, Quantel was showing off their new Pablo Rio. Building upon the features of the Pablo, Rio offers all that and more in a new, hardware agnostic version. Quantel is relinquishing their dependance on dedicated processing hardware, and embracing GPU-based processing. What they were showing on the floor was a Windows-based solution using two Nvidia Tesla cards to do all of the real-time magic one would expect from Quantel. For video input and output, the Rio still uses a Quantel I/O card, but they have plans to support the Atomic I/O card later. Alongside more flexible hardware support, there’s a new ability to soft-mount all supported media formats (and it’s a long list) from any connected volume.

Quantel Rio, less proprietary, more features

In addition to shedding proprietary hardware, Quantel has updated the grading side of things as well. The UI has seen some tidying up, and a pop-up has been added to switch the three way color balance and contrast controls among shadows, mid tones, and highlights, allowing for “nine-way” adjustments that are similar to what Speedgrade and Lustre colorists are used to.

Pop-up for switching the three way controls among master, shadows, midtones, and highlights tonal ranges

Additionally, a new ability to customize the overlapping ranges of influence of the lift/gamma/gain controls has been added, via overlapping curves.

Customizable three way tone curves

In another surprising example of opening up, Quantel has licensed the Mocha planar tracking toolset, incorporating it directly into Rio, where it can be used for tracking shapes in secondary operations.

Mocha’s planar tracking available in Rio

Keeping with one of my unofficial themes of the show, Rio adds the ability to recombine secondary operations (referred to as Cascades) using composite modes. While I ordinarily wouldn’t include a screenshot, the sheer number of composite modes available to choose from is unexpectedly massive.

Loads of composite modes in Quantel Rio

Furthermore, Quantel is supporting third party filters, with the ability to apply one per cascade (they were demoing the peerless Sapphire plugin set on the floor). Rio also boasts a new higher quality sharpen filter; given the endless parade of soft-focus HD material found in run and gun projects, a better sharpen filter is always welcome.

Finally, Quantel was showing SynthIA, which offers optical flow-based image processing for stereoscopic 3D media similar to what Mistika does—altering a range of interaxial depth. However, unlike Mistika, Synthia does this via a separate application, so it’s not otherwise integrated with the full Rio toolset. I was told this was done to make Synthia available to folks who are focused only on stereoscopic processing, so they don’t need to spend the money on a full Rio license, but I imagine users would like to see those features get rolled into Rio down the road.

Seemingly eager to shed a reputation as one of the most expensive grading solution on the market, Quantel was quick to discuss pricing; available as software only, the Rio comes in at $47K (with an additional 40% off at the moment), while a full turnkey solution with software and hardware costs $130K (with an additional 30% off at the moment). Yes, I know, that’s still not exactly cheap, but it’s a heck of a lot less expensive then what was previously available from Quantel, and you get all of the real-time multi-format conversion, integrated editing, compositing, paint, and grading that previously cost a mint, so it’s progress.

Stopping by Dolby’s booth, I was truly impressed at the Phillips glasses-free auto-stereo television being shown. It’s a 4K display that shows each eye at a full 1080 HD resolution, the viewing angle was impressive (though front-on was still optimal), and there were plenty of “sweet spots” as far as the lenticular front of the display went; I only needed to move a couple of inches to the left or right to jump from one sweet spot to the next, and each sweet spot had a wide range.

Auto stereo displays are great; guess you had to be there…

“Dolby 3D,” in addition to handling the stereoscopic to auto stereo conversion, also touts “adjustable depth,” basically embedding a per-pixel depth map into the video signal stream so that, with a single control, viewers can adjust and collapse the depth of the stereo being presented from the full default, all the way down to no depth at all, depending on one’s comfort level.

I was also lucky enough to have a chat with the Bob Frye, the product manager for the Dolby PRM-4200. With the recent price drop from $50K to $30K, this display solution has gone (for me) from completely unattainable to merely unaffordable, and I wanted to have another look just to make myself jealous. In particular, I was curious to learn where it excels the most over more affordable Plasma and LCD solutions. The real draw seems to be its shadows reproduction. I’m told the tonal reproduction in the blacks is very smooth, with every code word drawn without clipping; it certainly looked good to me. I’m also told that at a recent “shoot-out” of different monitoring technologies and how well they could be made to match cinema projection, the 4200 was one of the best-regarded matches, so there’s that. With support for 12-bit XYZ right now (ACES support is being looked into), this seems to be a high-quality solution for cinema grading in smaller suites, and for a yearly fee, Dolby will send a calibrator to you to make sure it’s always in tip top calibration for those $200 million tentpole jobs. So now I just have to convince Michael Bay that he needs to grade Transformers 4 here in Saint Paul with me.

Assimilate Scratch is another application that I hadn’t had a chance to check out at NAB, and I was quite pleased to see that they’ve taken pains to refine the onscreen UI, and have been making strides with greater integration of grading and 3D compositing. New features include a “Pre” track for inserting operations at the beginning of the Scratch image-processing pipeline, and nested scaffolds for precomping multiple scaffolds inside of a single scaffold’s worth of operations.

A more polished UI and 3D compositing

Scratch has also incorporated motion estimated speed processing, making high-quality slow motion the rule, rather then the exception, as of this year’s crop of grading applications.

Scratch gets motion estimated speed effects

Stacking together these features along with features such as their mesh warper and other compositing and effects tools really starts to show off the kinds of work that Scratch is becoming capable of.

Combining compositing, mesh warping, and grading in Scratch

Scratch is also adding to their workflow story, with support for watch folders to do automated image processing, Mocha integration via the import of Mocha tracking data, and a new Nuke round trip workflow that supports the exchange of primary grades, framing info, edits, and LUT data via a scratch node available inside of Nuke. Lastly, ACES support has been added alongside the previously supported colorspaces.

ACES support in Scratch

Last, but certainly not least, Blackmagic Design shipped the final version of DaVinci Resolve 9, as well as announcing their new DeckLink 4K Extreme 4K video interface, with support for 10- and 12-bit RGB or YCbCr signals input and output at 4K resolutions via dual-link 3G-SDI. The UltraStudio Thunderbolt interface offers 10-bit RGB or YCbCr input and output at 4K resolutions, so there are two new Resolve-compatible video interfaces for the emerging 4K crowd.

Fun times at the Blackmagic Design booth

I was also pleased to note that they’ve announced that the reengineered Teranex processors are now shipping, as is the Blackmagic Cinema Camera (an upcoming passive Micro Four Thirds version was also announced).

Catching up with the Resolve engineering team, the shipping version of Resolve 9 had some last minute new features slipped in, including a new RGB output in the Ext Matte node that’s useful for adding grain or distress stock video to a clip’s grade via one of the composite modes in the Layer Mixer node; short clips of grain will even be looped endlessly to match the duration of any clip. You do have to take the added step of opening the Media page and adding your grain or distress layer as a matte to the clips you want to use them with, but this ensures that you can render grain or distress into clips in “Render timeline as: Individual source clips” mode.

The node structure for adding grain or distress to a grade

Another improvement is that the currently selected clip in the Lightbox can now be graded using your control surface, making the Lightbox into a way of quickly browsing and grading clips of a scene.

There’s also a functional alteration of a control that had already been available in the public betas. The contrast control in log mode has been changed so that there’s now a smooth rolloff at the highlights and shadows, an automatic S-curve, so detail won’t be clipped.

Increasing contrast using the Log mode’s Contrast parameter now creates an S-curve adjustment, seen in the waveform of a formerly linear ramp gradient.

The Keyframe Editor has been updated, with a new look for keyframes (static keyframes are round, dynamic keyframes are diamond-shaped) that makes them easier to select and drag.

The updated Keyframe Editor

Lastly, the video scopes have even been updated, with an optional skin tone indicator in the Vectorscope, and optional minimum and maximum reference level lines (yellow) in the Waveform.

More optional reference indicators in the Video Scopes

So there you go. Honestly, this year’s IBC is probably the most fun I’ve had at a trade show in years, and it was really illuminating to see demos of nearly every major grading workstation on the market, side by side. As I tweeted during the show, each grading application has something that’s particularly special, but no one grading application does everything. That said, we’ve got more tools available to us then ever before in the history of this crazy profession. Now we’ve just got to figure out what to do with them.

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.

Six, (er) Seven New Features in Resolve 9

So, Resolve 9 has finally been made public after much anticipation since its unveiling at NAB. Many of the new features have already been shown and discussed, but there are even more features being shipped then have been talked about previously, and I thought it’d be nice to highlight six seven of those in this post. (The lead engineer reminded me of, how could I have forgotten, the updated video scopes, which are so pretty I had to add a screenshot.)

Mixed Frame Rate Support

For me, this is the single biggest new feature in this release. Bigger even then the new UI. Mixed frame rate media has been a frequent hassle in projects I get from clients. Most NLEs let you edit any kind of footage you want together into a single timeline, regardless of frame rate. And as you may or may not know, mixing frame rates can be rather challenging when it comes to finishing, since you can ultimately only output one frame rate as your finished media file or tape output. Prior versions of Resolve were constrained by only supporting a single frame rate in a particular project, but no more.

Resolve 9 lets you mix and match whatever frame rates are necessary within a single project, so long as you turn on the “Handle mixed frame rate material” checkbox in the Master Project Settings panel of the new Project Settings window (available by clicking the gear icon in the lower left-hand corner).

Mixed Frame Rate Support

You have to turn this checkbox on before you import an AAF or XML mixed frame rate project (to learn why, check the manual). After you import your AAF or XML file with mixed frame rate media, you’ll want to make sure that your “Playback framerate” is identical to the “Calculate timecode at” setting for optimal performance. (Both settings are also in the Master Project Settings panel of the Project Settings window.)

When rendering a Mixed Frame Rate timeline, how the media is output depends on whether you render to Source or Target mode. In Source mode, each clip is rendered at its native frame rate, for handoff to another NLE or finishing application. In Target mode, all frames are converted to the frame rate specified by the “Calculate timecode at” setting of that project, letting you output the entire project as a single media file at the target frame rate.

I don’t know about you, but this alone is going to save me, and my clients, hours of project prep.

Light Box View

This is another new feature that was previously unannounced. While working in the Color page, you can click the Lightbox View button:

Lightbox Button

…to view every clip in your timeline using the Resolve Lightbox.

The Lightbox

The Lightbox view makes it easy to scan through your project looking for a particular scene, to make multiple selections in order to create groups, or to use the new Flag command to assign differently colored flags to various clips to note things you want to do. This is a terrifically timesaving feature for projects of any duration.

Clip Attributes

Another interesting new feature is the Clip Attributes window, found in the Media Pool. This window replaces many of the contextual menu commands available for altering various editable properties of clips, for example, to change data levels, pixel aspect ratio settings, or to reinterpret the alpha channel mode now that Resolve 9 supports alpha channels for imported media. It also handles timecode alteration and manual, per-clip reel name changes, as well as stereoscopic 3D media assignments.

The Clip Attributes Dialog

What’s notable is that you can select multiple clips, and use the Clip Attributes window to change them all at once.

Metadata Editor

I had shown the metadata editor in my video presentation (viewable here), but since I’ve shown it last, a shedload of editable metadata attributes has been added. Far too many to show on one page.

More Metadata

Fortunately, they’re organized into groups, which are available from a pop-up menu at the upper right-hand corner of the metadata editor.

Metadata Groups

If you’re working on digital dailies, or you’re an extremely organized colorist, this is going to be a benefit.

Big Ass Curves

One frequent complaint I’ve heard is that the relatively small size of the DaVinci Resolve custom curves made them difficult to use for precision adjustments. I myself had never quite noticed this to be a problem, but fortunately DaVinci heard your anguished cries, and provided a new Large Curve mode for the Custom Curves. Clicking a button at the bottom of the Custom Curves:

The Large Curves Button

…opens up a window presenting a huge version of the same curves, with all the same controls.

Big Ass Curves

Having used the large curves for a while, I can safely say that they’re a huge improvement (ha) and truly do give you more refined control of your curve-driven adjustments. I never knew what I was missing until I started using these, and now there’s no going back for those finicky log-to-linear custom adjustments I now find myself making with more frequency.

Updated Video Scopes

While they were updating the rest of the UI, DaVinci decided to update the video scopes, too.

New Video Scopes

The new one-window scopes look beautiful, and I find them easier to manage then the four individual windows that were available previously. Providing an analysis of every single line of image data, the Waveform, Parade, Vectorscope, and Histogram are all there. However, if you like, you can change the number of scopes displayed to 1-up, 2-up, or the default 4-up, which lets you enlarge individual scopes if you don’t need the whole shooting match. Performance is dependent on how much GPU processing power your workstation has, so single or dual GPU systems may have less then stellar performance. However, folks who routinely use the Resolve scopes have cause for rejoicing, as these are a distinct improvement over what was there before.

A New Manual

You knew I was going to mention this. I’ve been hard at work (which explains the paucity of blogging around here) for the last three months writing what has ended up being a 600 page, near total rewrite of the DaVinci Resolve 9 User Manual. (To give you some perspective, the previous version of the manual was 435 pages)

New Version, New Manual

It’s been quite a challenge keeping up with the DaVinci Resolve team as they’ve piled on the improvements and evolved the UI over the months, but it’s been a truly rewarding experience, and I’m rather proud of the result.

Now, bear in mind that, as the product is still in beta, the user manual is also a work in progress, with edits and screenshot changes yet to be put in. However, I’m glad that the team has seen fit to make it available to the public, so that everyone can get a jump on what’s new. There are a lot of subtle refinements, and I’ve tried hard to capture all the little things and interoperabilities.

There are a few things of which, however, I’m particularly proud. “Before You Conform,” on page 111, contains detailed information about project preparation, effects support from NLEs, an explanation of the rules for media conforms, details about image processing and clip data levels, a summary of ACES support in Resolve, and an overview of digital dailies workflow. I tried to answer a lot of the questions that folks have had about Resolve’s inner workings in this section, and I think you’ll find it illuminating.

Also, “AAF Workflow Overview” on page 137 provides a detailed overview, from soup to nuts, of how you get projects from Media Composer or Symphony to Resolve and back again. The DaVinci Resolve team has worked extremely hard to make this workflow smoother and easier in version 9, and I executed each workflow personally while writing this section (kudos to Avid for answering my questions and giving me additional support while I developed the content). If you’re dealing with AAF, read this section. It may explain some of the issues you’ve been having, and will guide you through ways of getting the job done.

If you’re completely new to DaVinci Resolve, there’s a new, almost 30 page tutorial on page 71. It’s basic, so if you already know Resolve, you can probably skip it. But if you’ve never used Resolve at all, it’ll give you a quick and thorough tour of bringing a project in, doing some grading using a core selection of the Resolve toolset, and then rendering your project out. And, you can follow along using the sample media that comes on the DaVinci installer disk (and is also available by downloading from Blackmagic Design support).

So, I hope you find the new version of Resolve as big an improvement as I do, and I hope the new manual helps you to get the most out of it.

Color Correction Handbook 2nd Edition: Grading theory and technique for any application.
Color Correction Look Book: Stylized and creative grading techniques for any application.
What's New in DaVinci Resolve 12.5: Covering every new feature in Resolve 12.5 from Ripple Training.
DaVinci Resolve 12 QuickStart: A 4 hr editing and grading overview from Ripple Training.
Editing & Finishing in Resolve 12: 9 hrs of tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading in DaVinci Resolve 11: Comprehensive 13 hr grading tutorials from Ripple Training.
Grading A Scene: Watch a short horror scene graded, from start to creative finish, Ripple Training.